Insula social enterprises
By Social Enterprises we understand Third Sector enterprises, also called non-governmental organizations (NGO), that is, any non-profit, voluntary citizens group which is organized on a local, national or international level. Task-oriented and driven by people with a common interest, NGOs perform a variety of service and humanitarian functions, bring citizen concerns to Governments, advocate and monitor policies and encourage political participation through provision of information.
Many reports and studies exist, most of them  agreeing that the social enterprise remains a very broad and often quite vague concept. Many reports would also agree that there is space for improvement in the accountability of such organizations . Of course, most will have totally correct audited accounts. However, in average, we have less information or performance indicators about their outcome in goods that are generally not measured in money, and even if they can be expressed in money.
There is no doubt that this lack of transparency is a strong demotivator for participation.
Even very comprehensive reports like the VOLUNTEERING IN THE EUROPEAN UNION , contain very little information about the economic dimension or value of this volunteering, given for free. The Johns Hopkins University Center for Civil Society Studies (CCSS)  developed the first-ever internationally sanctioned approach for gathering official data on the amount, character, and value of volunteering. In March 2011, the ILO adopted the Manual on the Measurement of Volunteer Work . The European Volunteer Measurement Project of the EUROPEAN VOLUNTEER CENTRE  is promoting the implementation of the manual in Europe.
One exception is the statistics published by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions - Second European Quality of Life Survey – Participation in volunteering and unpaid job – 2011 . Some degree of prudence has been applied as the new social working only partly overlaps with the old one, and can be reconverted.
It is doubtful that many of the existing Third Sector Enterprises can be used for the purposes of channeling solidarity to the desperados:
- Some have fields of interest of different nature (sport is the single most common form of voluntary activity).
- Some charity oriented social enterprises are focused on providing solidarity abroad, to other countries.
- Finally, many of the remaining Social Enterprises have strong links to banks and other conservative forces and will hardly accept the new rules of the game, not least the operation through Community Currencies.
It is clear that Insulae will need to found new Social Enterprises, of course duly legalized. They should be crystal clear about their social achievements in terms of providing the desperados with basic needs. All publications should strongly highlight the achievements per month in terms measurable quantities of food, clothes, shelter, energy, volunteering hours, value of barter goods and services.
In the deflationary scenario of everyday news, they should offer the good, refreshing, optimistic news of the day, the light providing some hope.
They operate, as any Insula Enterprise, with their own Community Currency. To give an example, Desperados eating at a free meal distribution Social Enterprise should pay with the cantina enterprise currency, obtained in the Insula market exchanging citizens salary currency, the citizens salary pay they get from the Insula, in turn obtained from the Insula tax collection.
Precisely the lack of requirement of law about a proper accountability of the activities of the NGOs should give the legal gap to work as entities of the Insula market operating with Community Currency to "keep track".
Currently solidarity works are not paid. Why are volunteers not paid? They do the most valuable social work. Why not pay them with the new money? All NGOs should pay all the contributors with a desperado Community Currency. If nothing else, the volunteers paid with this money could gain recognition in the movement. It could easily be redeemed as political assets, rights to speak, to vote, to provide opinions.
Volunteering should be paid, in local Community Currency, and the payment cannot be redeemed or reconverted into FRB money. It has to be spent in any service or good of the Insula new economy or else to buy status and rights as New Economy citizen. The procedure to get the citizenship is to pay the corresponding taxes. Paying taxes buys the citizenship in the Insula. Nothing prevents that the tax is close to 100% of the volunteers incomes, keeping in this way the net value of uninterested donation of work, but recognized as civil rights and circulated as local money, thus visible in the economy. It also provides an easy way, if so wished, to regulate the rights at the Insula according the intensity of the contribution.
At estimating the economic value of volunteer work, the Manual on the Measurement of Volunteer Work , recommends to use the replacement cost approach — because it comes closer to measuring the value of volunteering to the recipient of the volunteer effort, and hence to society at large. It does so by assigning to the hours of volunteer work what it would cost to hire someone for pay to do the work that the volunteer is doing for "no pay". To do so, previously all volunteer works have been assimilated to the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-08) . The best way of keeping these accounts is certainly to pay volunteers the equivalent of this value in Community Currency. Tables can be kept with conversion rates to EUR or USD to facilitate comparisons.
Equally, any donation in old money has to be converted into goods by the island authorities, bought in the old economy with the old money, and offered for sale in one of the new economy island for the island LETS. Old money should never contaminate the new economy islands. Goods produced in the economy islands should in principle not be sold to the external FRBS world by any individual island citizen. Exports should be regulated and managed carefully by the island authority.
The water feeding the new economy islands, could be the basic income guarantee (basic income, citizen’s income, Basic Income Earth Network ), paid, initially, at least to all desperados. Citizens salary components could be basic salary, family works like child care and education, caring of the elderly, home works, and unemployement. For a detailed explanation see Economy simulation, Salaries and taxes.
Priorities for the social enterprises: Food preparation and distribution
Comune di Torino and Amiat have implemented the "Good Samaritan" project , which collects uneaten meals from school canteens and products that are still edible form supermarkets and donates them to charity organizations to prevent them from being sent to landfill sites. Every day it is possible to recover 150 kilos of bread and 50 kilos of fruit to prepare approximately a thousand meals.
Priorities for the social enterprises: Shelter
There are many approaches to support shelter to the homeless, from practical organization of homeless camps, to architectural, construction and urban designs. Do it yourself teaching of shelter construction with discarded materials is a priority. Great attention should be given to common infrastructures like toilets, showers, cantinas, kitchen, fridges and others.
Priorities for the social enterprises: Marketing of Insula services and Desperado jobs
In the THE END OF MONEY AND THE FUTURE OF CIVILIZATION , Thomas H. Greco talks about the competitive advantages that alternative currencies can provide to local companies, and in special SMEs. In chapter sixteen, he talks about a "A Regional Economic Development Plan Based on Credit Clearing".
Doesn’t it therefore make more sense to nurture the businesses that are already part of the local economy? Doesn’t it make sense to support those companies that are locally owned or managed and have a stake in the prosperity and quality of life in their home communities? Communities that have a high quality of life, an able workforce, and a clean and pleasant environment do not need to offer bribes to outsiders. Relocalization efforts cannot get very far without the creation of metasystems that support buying locally, selling locally, investing locally, and saving locally.
Based on the principles we have outlined, it is now possible to engineer and build exchange systems to carry heavy economic loads within local bioregions and to operate them according to sound business principles.
The first stage of the development program might look rather conventional and similar to some “buy-local” programs of the past, but it will be more comprehensive in its social, economic, and political aspects. It begins by organizing solidarity groups that include all sectors of the constituent communities—particularly the locally owned and controlled businesses, municipal governments, the nonprofit sector, social entrepreneurs, and activists. By building bridges between these groups and identifying common objectives, it should be possible to achieve the commitment to do the hard work necessary to move together toward greater regional economic self-sufficiency.
The first major task is to launch a “buy-local” campaign in which the economic resources and business relationships within the region are clearly mapped. That database can then be used to assist businesses in finding local sources for the things they buy and local customers for the things they sell. The services of brokers can be employed to help match up supplies with wants and needs. Critical gaps are identified and local entrepreneurs can be encouraged to find ways to fill them, perhaps with support from a local microlending agency. As this process proceeds, the community becomes less dependent upon outside entities and more resilient and self-determining.
Desperado Island volunteers and unemployed could definitively help at implementing this. The desperado jobs is one of the components of this range of measures to promote local economy.
 Social Enterprise: At the crossroads of market, public policies and civil society http://books.google.es/books?id=aDT55bRXAigC
 Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies http://ccss.jhu.edu/
 Poor and homeless get free meals in Athens http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vZWB2cZ7nDw